Ivor Pritchard Ph.D. is the Senior Advisor to the Director of OHRP in the Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) in the Department of Health and Human Services. He came to OHRP in 2004 from the Institute for Education Sciences at the U.S. Department of Education, where he was a Senior Research Analyst. He joined the U.S Department of Education in 1986. He has a Ph.D. in philosophy from Boston University. Dr. Pritchard’s authored or co-authored publications include “Students as Research Subjects” (with Koski, in The Encyclopedia of Bioethics, 2014); “How Do IRB Members Make Decisions? A Review and Research Agenda” (Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 2011), “Searching for ‘Research Involving Human Subjects’: What is Examined? What is Exempt? What is Exasperating?” (IRB: Ethics & Human Research, 2001); “Travelers and Trolls: Practitioner Research and Institutional Review Boards” (Educational Researcher, 2002); Ethical Standards of the American Educational Research Association: Cases and Commentary (Strike et. al., 2002); and “Power, Truth and Justice in Youth Participatory Action Research: Ethical Questions” (Practicing Anthropology: A Career-Oriented Publication of the Society for Applied Anthropology, 2004.) His research interests are in research ethics and federal policy, moral and civic education research and practice, and education policy.